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    حلول تمارين الكتاب المدرسي unit 4

    شاطر

    sbai bachur

    عدد المساهمات: 7
    تاريخ التسجيل: 18/12/2009
    العمر: 25
    الموقع: www.algeria-educ.com

    حلول تمارين الكتاب المدرسي unit 4

    مُساهمة  sbai bachur في الثلاثاء 05 يناير 2010, 8:59 pm

    - 1 -
    UNIT FOUR:
    (pp.106-134)
    Topic: Advertising , Consumers and Safety
    - 2 -
    SEQUENCE ONE : LISTEN AND CONSIDER (pp.106-112)
    Listening Script: ( Interview about GMFs , p 204 )
    A- Getting Started : (p.107)
    Vocabulary :
    1) labels - packages - food - buy -
    ingredients - expiry date
    2) victim - food poisoning
    3) food safety
    4) Greenpeace protesters - Genetically
    Modified Food/Crops ( GMF )
    B- Let’s hear it: (p.108) Greenpeace volunteers destroy a field of GM crops at Lyng in Norfolk
    Exercise 1, p.108 : ( True / False / Not Mentioned Statements )
    A) As a result of the impact of advertising, consumers prefer buying organic food to purchasing
    conventional or genetically modified food.
    B) Owing to bad publicity, GMFs will certainly disappear.
    C) GMFs are harmful to both man’s health and the environment.
    D) The debate about the farming of GMFs will possibly continue.
    A B C D
    T NM NM T
    Exercise 2, p.108: ( Summary of the interview )
    The interview is about the types of food consumers prefer buying.
    According to the market researcher, the preference goes to organic
    foods for two main reasons. First, they think they are safer to eat than
    both GMFS and conventional food. Second, GMFs have received bad
    publicity. For the market researcher, the issue of whether or not
    GMFS are safe to man’s health and the environment has not been
    settled. So the debate about GMFs is likely to continue in the future.
    - 3 -
    C- Around the Text : (pp.108-110)
    Grammar Explorer I (p.108)
    Expressing: Certainty - Probability - Possibility - Remote Possibility
    ( See 2AS Book , Grammar Reference , p 190 + p 197 )
    Exercise 1, p 108:
    Degrees of Certainty Positive Statement Negative Statement
    Categorical Certainty ● GMS will certainly disappear. ( none )
    Probability ( none ) ( none )
    Possibility ● They may disappear.
    ● They can have a comeback.
    ● They may not disappear.
    Remote Possibility ● They might have harmful effects
    ● The debate could continue.
    ● They might not have harmful
    effects
    Exercise 2, p 108:
    Remote possibilty:
    ● In the near future, advertisements for fast foods might be banned and health warnings
    might be written on the packages of processed food.
    Possibility:
    ● The Algerian government may impose an eco-tax on polluting industries next year.
    = It is possible that the Algerian government will impose an eco-tax on polluting industries
    next year.
    ● Flavourings and colourings may cause irritabilty and skin irritations .
    = It is possible that flavourings and colourings will cause irritability and skin irritations.
    Probability:
    ● Most Algerian consumers will probably boycott products which are not environmentally
    safe.
    = It is probable /likely that most Algerian consumers will boycott products which are not
    environmentally safe.
    Certainty:
    ● Food safety will (certainly) be one of the major problems in the next decade.
    ● In the future people won’t eat as much processed food as they do now.
    - 4 -
    Grammar Explorer II (p.109)
    The Gerund
    ( See Grammar Reference , pp 221-222 )
    Gerund as verb:
    A) They prefer buying organic food.
    Gerund as noun:
    B) The eating of organic food will certainly keep increasing.
    D) More and more farmers are turning to farming.
    Gerund as adjective:
    C) Organic foods are somewhat healthier and less damaging to the environment.
    Exercise 1, p.110: ( Gerund or Present Simple )
    The art of cooking requires the use of garlic. Of course, the eating or consumption of
    garlic is generally not approved of. Working beside someone who has eaten garlic is
    as bad as sitting beside someone who smokes. But while smoking is definitely bad
    for you, there is no doubt that eating garlic is good for your health and your high
    blood pressure. We are likely to see more ‘No smoking’ signs, but we won’t see an
    ‘No breathing’ signs for garlic eaters.
    Cultivating and exporting garlic has become big business now that so many people
    use it for flavouring meat and for making medicine that reduces cholesterol. People
    often buy it when they do their shopping. Being a garlic eater is something to be
    proud of and shows that you enjoy healthy living.
    Rubric : Vocabulary Explorer (pp.110-111)
    Exercise 1 , p 110: ( Verb + Suffixes “ er - or - tion - ment - ing ” = Noun )
    1) consume = consumer - consumption – consuming
    2) advertise = advertising - advertisement
    3) produce = producer - production
    4) promote = promoter – promotion - promoting
    5) compete = competitor - competition
    6) react = reaction
    7) oppose = opposition
    Cool introduce = introduction
    9) reject = rejection
    10) treat = treatment
    11) manage = manager - management
    12) farm = farmer - farming
    13) pay = payment
    14) commercialize = commercialization
    - 5 -
    Exercise 2 , p 110: ( Gap-filling / Nouns )
    ( 1- Consumers ) still hesitate to buy genetically modified food
    because the ( 2- consumption ) of this type of food might be harmful
    to their health. Many agro-business companies have tried to promote
    their ( 3- production ) by placing ( 4- advertisements ) in newspapers
    and on TV. However, their ( 5- advertising ) campaigns have not worked well so far
    because GMFs have a bad publicity. This public ( 6- rejection ) of GMFs is largely a
    ( 7- reaction ) to the appearance of the mad cow disease in the early 2000s.
    Exercise 3 , p 111: ( Dependent Prepositions )
    ( of – with – for – to – about – from )
    There are many associations which provide consumers ( 1- with ) information about
    marketed products in Britain today. The main purpose of these associations is to
    protect consumers ( 2- from ) abuse by dishonest businessmen. When a consumer
    suffers ( 3- from ) the bad quality of a given product, s/he can complain ( 4- about )
    it ( 5- to ) these associations. The latter will look ( 6- for ) ways to get redress ( 7-
    for ) the companies whose product has caused harm to the consumer. Consumers’
    associations often accuse companies, especially food industries ( 8- of ) carelessness
    in connection with standards.
    Rubric : Pronunciation and Spelling (p.111)
    Tasks1+2, p111 : ( Stress Shift Patterns )
    First Syllable Stressed Second Syllable Stressed
    Advertise (v)
    ASSOciate (v)
    COmmerce (n)
    REgulate (v)
    PUblicize (v)
    adVERtisement (n)
    assoCIAtion (n)
    coMMERcial (n / adj)
    reguLAtion (n)
    pubLIcity ( n )
    Task 3(p.111) : (Weak forms of the past modals)
    ● … You shouldn’t have eaten them … ( '

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